You are currently viewing What causes pilonidal cysts, and how do you prevent them?

What causes pilonidal cysts, and how do you prevent them?

  • Post author:
  • Post category:Health
  • Post comments:0 Comments

A pilonidal cyst is a pocket or sac that develops in the cleft at the top of the buttocks and is filled with tissue, skin fragments, and hair. A hair nest is referred to as a “pilonidal” cyst when hair pierces the skin and becomes entrenched, causing inflammation and the development of a tiny, sometimes excruciating lump or abscess. It is believed that pilonidal cysts grow as a result of factors including obesity, friction, genetic susceptibility, and inadequate cleanliness. Appropriate hygiene habits and lifestyle modifications can help avoid them. In this article we will explore “how does a pilonidal cyst form”and there are a number of pilonidal cyst treatment options, including surgery and antibiotics, for cysts that already exist.

How Does a Pilonidal Cyst Form?

When hair pierces the skin and becomes embedded in the buttock cleft, a pilonidal cyst develops. This might result in the formation of a cyst, which could be uncomfortable and, if left untreated, could evolve into a major problem.

Why Do Pilonidal Cysts Occur?

1. Friction and Hair: 

Hair penetration into the skin is the main cause of pilonidal cysts. Friction from things like lengthy periods of sitting or clothing that is too tight might cause this. A cyst then forms as a result of the hair causing an inflammatory response.

  1. Hygiene Issues:

A contributing factor in the formation of pilonidal cysts is inadequate personal hygiene. The cleft of the buttocks is home to sweat and dirt that foster the growth of cysts.

  1. Hereditary Predisposition:

Study points to a possible hereditary susceptibility to pilonidal cysts. You could be more vulnerable if a member of your family has dealt with them in the past.

  1. Fatality:

Bulky weight might raise the risk of pilonidal cysts, especially around the buttocks. The increased friction and pressure help create an environment that is conducive to the growth of cysts.

  1. Inactive Lifestyle: 

Not getting enough exercise might be a cause. Frequent movement keeps the hair and perspiration from building up in the buttock cleft.

How to Prevent Pilonidal Cysts?

Using easy-to-follow but effective practices to reduce the chance of irritation and hair penetration is key to preventing pilonidal cysts. Take into account the following precautions:

  1. a) Maintain Good Hygiene:

Wash your buttocks on a regular basis with a mild soap and water. After engaging in activities that cause perspiration, quickly clean your hands with antibacterial wipes.

  1. b) Select Form-fitting Clothes:

To lessen friction in the buttock region, wear loose-fitting apparel. Avoid tight pants as this may encourage hair penetration.

  1. c) Remain Active: 

Include frequent exercise in your schedule to avoid sitting for extended periods of time. Exercise lowers the incidence of pilonidal cysts and enhances general well-being.

  1. d) Hair Removal:

If you are prone to cysts, think about hair removal techniques. The chance of hair becoming embedded in the skin can be reduced by shaving or waxing the region.

  1. e) Maintain a Healthy Weight:

If you are overweight, try to get down to a healthy weight to lessen strain and friction in your lower body.

How are pilonidal cysts dangerous?

If left untreated, pilonidal cysts can progress from a small annoyance to more significant problems. Among the possible risks connected to pilonidal cysts are:

i). Infection: An abscess may develop from a pilonidal cyst that becomes infected. Pus formation, edema, and discomfort are all possible effects of infection.

  1. ii) Cellulitis: If left untreated, infections can spread to the skin around them. It’s important to get medical help right away for this bacterial skin illness.

iii) Recurrence: Pilonidal cysts are prone to recurrence in the absence of appropriate pilonidal cyst treatment. The likelihood of problems rises with each recurrence.

  1. iv) Sinus Tract Formation: Narrow passageways beneath the skin called sinus tracts can form as a result of pilonidal cysts. These tracts may cause ongoing drainage and raise the possibility of developing new infections.

How to Treat a Pilonidal Cyst?

It is possible to surgically cure certain pilonidal cysts and restore normalcy to the affected skin. Let’s explore some options below:

  • Home Care: Warm compresses can aid with drainage and pain relief. To avoid infection, keep the area dry and clean.
  • Pilonidal Cyst Antibiotic Treatment: To manage bacterial development in situations of infection, antibiotics may be administered.
  • Incision and Drainage: To extract pus and drain the cyst, a medical practitioner may need to make an incision.
  • Pilonidal Cyst Excision: Surgical excision is a frequent therapy for instances that recur or are severe. This entails eliminating the impacted tissue as well as the whole cyst.
  • Hair Removal – Laser Technique: In certain situations, laser hair removal may be recommended to inhibit hair regrowth and reduce the likelihood of a recurrence.
  • After Surgery Care: Adequate wound care is required to limit the risk of infection and encourage the greatest possible recovery following surgery.

Final Thoughts:

In conclusion, being aware of the reasons behind pilonidal cysts enables people to take preventative measures proactively. Good cleanliness habits and a few simple lifestyle changes can greatly lower the chance of cyst development. To avoid problems like infection and recurrence, prompt and adequate treatment such as pilonidal cyst excision, laser technique etc, is essential if a pilonidal cyst does develop. People can minimise the influence of pilonidal cysts on their everyday life by prioritising their well-being and adopting preventive measures. To maintain a healthy and cyst-free buttock area, keep in mind that a proactive attitude to hygiene and lifestyle may be quite beneficial. Get in touch with Allen Kamrava MD MBA to get professional advice and help.

Leave a Reply